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Ethnic Groups (Cast)

The magars originate in the western and centerl areas of Nepal.though are found in sacttered communities throughtout the country. They may be of either Hindu or buddhist faith.Traditionally hill farmers Inhabiting he lower slopes.They also known for their fighting abilities and many have recruited into Gurkha regiments of the British and Indian armies. It is thought to be a strong cultural bond between magars and Gurung.

The gurungs also originate in the western and central areas of Nepal.Though they have tended to Inhavit higher areas adopting a lifestyle of sedetntary agricultural and nomadic pastorals.like the magars , gurungs have been well represted in Gurkha units.They are predominantly Buddhist,Thougu small Hindu and shamanist communities exist. In recent years ,may magars become involved in the hotel business, especally in the pokhara region.

The thakalis originate from the kali Gandaki Gorge and ,like many Nepali groups have been subject to both Hindu and buddhist influences. Adept entrepreneurs, They have cashed in on the trekking boom and have established little hotles all along the Annapurna circuit and have also extended their influence to other parts of country. Before Nepal was opened upto tourism, their economy was dominated by subsistance farming and , in the Kali Gandaki area, by salt trading.

The Tamangs are found around the kathmandu valley and in central and eastern Nepal. Mainly Buddhist, they form a significant of the proportion of the porters in these regions; bur many are also engaged in the agriculture as small holders and day labour. The Tamang language originates from the Tibeto-Burmese family.

The Newars are of Mongolian origin and are the dominant ethnic group of Kathmandu valley an surrounding central areas of Nepal. Despite their geogriphical origins, the majorities are now shaivite Hindus following received hindu customs although communicates of Newari Buddhists do remain. They represent perhaps the greatest synchronism of the Tibetian and Indian traditions of any Nepal's ethinic groups and also incorporate aspects of aninism. The Newari language has been influenced by both the Tibeto-Burmese and Indo-European families. Traditionally leading traders, Newars once organised trains of basket carrying porters over the trans Himalayan passes to Tibet. They are also remarkable craftsmen and developed the unique building style that successfully blends influences from India, china and Tibet with carved wood and pagoda -like temple roofs.

The Kirantis are comprised of Rais and Limbus and are the oldest known people in Nepal. They live in the eastern hills of Nepal, the rais being concentrated in the Solukhumbu, Dudh Kosi, and Arun Valley, while the Limbus are at the east of Arun Valley, in the kanchanjangha region. And also extend in to northern Parts of west Bangel in India. Both groups have supplied recruits to Gurkha resiments an reference is made to their fighting sprit in the Hindu epic " Mahabharat" of Mongoloid features,both have Tibeti - Burmies languages. The religion of the Limbus incorporates elements of Buddhism and Shamanism, while that of the Rais are more influenced by Hinduism Sunwars &Jirels:These related groupes are small in number and are found in the area around and to the east of jiri,the place that gives the jirels their name.Their religion is significantly influenced by Hinduism, but has distinct or apices and deities.

The Bhotia lives in the northern part of Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal and along the Indo-Tibetan border in Garhwal, Kumoun and Himanchal Pradesh. They are Mongoloid people who gradually moved off the Tibetian plateau. Tibetan Buddhism plays an important part in shaping Bhotia society. The monastery is at the center of the social environment, and the prayer flags, prayer wheels and chortens are a vital part of daily life.

Many housands of Tibetens fled their homeland as a result of Chinese Take over. Most are now resident in and around Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys, but some have remained in Bhotia country where they have been highly successful in integrating with local populations, especially through intermarriage.

The Limipas are a small group living in the limi Valley in the north west of Nepal.

With a pollution of no more then a couple of thousand. Dolpopas live in remote areas, north of Jomsom and Muktinath. A hard working people, they are nomadic pastorals, traders, and weavers.

Lopas lives in Lo mangthang, the capital of the high and arid region of Mustang, once an independent state. Of Tibetan ethnicity, they follow Tibetan Buddhism and number about 6000.

The name means " twelve village people". The Baragaunle are also ethnically Tibetan and live in the Muktinath Valley and follow the forms of Lamaistic Buddhisn that also incorporates elements of animism.

Known also as Manangpa or Nyeshang, this group live in manang region and along the northern stretches of Marsyangdi River. They are perhaps the wealthist of any Bhotia groups thank to a still extent 18th century decree by Rana Bahadur Shah which gave them trading privileges with Tibet and which have today been adopted to the trade of luxury items, some which find their way to kathmandu.

Sherpa live in Solukhumbu region of glacial valleys at the southern approaches to Everest. Their name tells of the origin (sha-east,pa-people)and has come to be almost synonymous with great peak that dominates their country. They immigrated from about 600 years ago. Earlier they were traders and porters,carrying butter,meat,rice,sugar,paper and dye from India and salt, wool, jewelry, Chinese silk and porcelain from Tibet and beyond. The closure of the boarder between India and China undermined their economy. Fortunately, with the mountaineer in expeditions and trekkers, the Sherpa's found their load carrying skills, both on normal treks and high altitudes in great demand. The khumbu region has provided the valuable contingent of able bodied, hardy and seemingly fearless Sherpa porters and guides. Over 80 years they have built up a mountaineering reputation as the elite of Himalayan porters.

Other Informations about Nepal

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